Check Out These Facts About Wetlands
Wetlands are found all over the world and are a vital part of our environment. Although for some people, wetlands conjure up an image of wasteland; this could not be further from the truth. Wetlands provide numerous benefits for both people and animals, and their productivity and usefulness is comparable to rainforests and coral reefs. 5 of the most interesting facts about wetlands will be discussed in this article
Wetlands Are Valuable Habitats for Wildlife
It may be surprising to learn that wetlands and their surrounding uplands provide a home for a large number of species including: plants, mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish and invertebrates. These many inhabitants use wetlands for food, water, nesting grounds, breeding and for shelter and rest areas. One of the more interesting facts about wetlands is that some species must actually have a wetland in order to reproduce!
Wetlands Keep Water Clean
One of the lesser known facts about wetlands is that they play the role of nature’s water filter. This is because the animals, plants and bacteria that reside in wetlands remove harmful impurities in water long before it reaches our homes. Wetlands also clean out excess nutrients such as phosphorous and nitrogen from our water that are deposited there by industrial systems and agriculture. Once again, it is the plants, animals and bacteria that are responsible for removing these impurities. Finally, wetlands can assist in the treatment and cleansing of waste water.
Wetlands Help Reduce Flooding
Heavy rain and runoff often cause flooding, especially in the springtime. Wetlands are able to store excess water which reduces the risk and severity of flooding. Wetlands also slow the flow of the water that could cause flooding. Since wetlands are able to store excess water, they then release this water back into the ground where it becomes a source of drinking water for people. This is a main reason why wetlands are an integral part of the ecosystem, as most of the regular landscape cannot absorb excess rainwater and runoff like wetlands can.
Facts about Wetland | Wetlands Protect Against Erosion
There are many plants and types of vegetation found in wetlands, which is one of the most common facts about wetlands. These help stabilize soil and are able to hold soil in place against erosive forces such as waves and currents. Also, wetland plants trap sediments that are found in the water which helps to reinforce the soil against erosion.
Wetlands Are Great For Recreational Activities
Not only are wetlands a great place for people to learn about biology and the environment, they also make great places to have fun and relax. Many people enjoy camping, hiking, canoeing and wildlife watching in these beautiful areas. Every wetland is different, so you may not be able to take part in all of these activities at your local wetland. Visit a wetland that is close to you to find out what fun can be had there.
As you can see from these facts about wetlands, these areas are an invaluable part of the world’s ecosystem. Regardless of what country you live in there are wetlands, so visit your local wetland area to discover some of nature’s most beautiful and useful land.